Prophet Muhammad




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Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam
(may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)


  • The Sayings of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) are called his Hadith.
  • The Companions (Sahaba) of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) have narrated his Hadith.
  • These Hadith have been compiled in Books of Hadith.
  • There are six major Books of Hadith.
  • They are Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and An-Nasai.
  • They contain thousands of Hadith.
  • From the Books of Hadith, we also learn what Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) did.
  • What he did is called his Sunnah.
  • We try to follow his Sunnah.
  • From the Books of Hadith, we learn about the simple life of the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) and of his Family and Companions (Rady Allahu Anhum).
  • We learn about the hardships they faced and the sacrifices they made in spreading the religion of Islam.
  • The lady who narrated the most Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) was his wife Sayyidatina Aisha Siddiqah (Rady Allahu Anha).  
  • The man who narrated the most Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) was Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Rady Allahu Anhu).
  • The Hadith teach us in more detail what Allah has taught in the Qur’an.
  • The Hadith teach us in more detail about many things such as:
    • the Pillars of Islam
    • the Pillars of Muslim Faith
    • halal (what is permitted)
    • haram (what is prohibited)
    • heaven and hell.
  • There is a Hadith that whoever believes in the Kalima Tayyibah with a true heart will certainly go to Jannah (Paradise).
  • There is a Hadith that Allah has ninety-nine Names and whoever memorizes them all, will go to Jannah (Paradise).
  • There is a Hadith that if one recites the fifth Kalima Sayyid-ul-Istighfar in the morning and dies before the evening will go to Jannah and whoever recites it at night and dies before the morning will also go to Jannah.
  • This Hadith teaches us about the importance of good behaviour.
    • Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Rady Allahu Anhu) related that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said: The most perfect Muslim in the matter of faith is one who has an excellent behaviour, and the best among you are those who are best towards their wives. (Tirmidhi).
  • Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) has taught us many things in his Hadith. Some of the things he has taught us are:
    • to become properly educated
    • to obey, respect and take care of parents
    • to have good relations with the family, with brothers and sisters, and all the relatives
    • to have good manners and good character
    • to dress decently
    • to be kind and merciful
    • to be friendly and to greet everyone with a smile
    • to fufil our responsibilities
    • to work and earn our living, and not to beg of others
    • to put in our best effort in everything we do
    • to help our neighbours
    • to take care of orphans
    • to consider all the Muslims as our brothers and sisters
    • to visit the sick
    • not to lie and cheat
    • not to abuse others
    • not to be quarrelsome
    • to have good drinking and eating habits and not to overeat
    • to eat and drink what is permitted in Islam
    • not to eat or drink what is prohibited in Islam
    • not to drink intoxicants
    • to wash the hands before eating and after eating
    • to eat with the right hand
    • to enter the masjid with the right foot
    • not to show off
    • to cooperate with others in doing good deeds
    • to stop others from doing evil deeds and from sinning
    • to be humble and not to be arrogant
    • to be generous and not to be miserly
    • to keep our promises
    • to honour our guests
    • to repay our debts
    • to thank Allah and do His dhikr (remembrance)
    • to recite salawaat (blessings) on Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam), may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him.
  • We learn a lot from the Hadith Sharif of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam). We learn for example what to say on various occasions.
    • When starting to do something, say: Bismillah (In the Name of Allah)
    • When you finish eating or drinking, say: Al-Hamdu Lillah (All Praise is for Allah)
    • When entering a house, greet with: As-salamu alaykum (peace be upon you)
    • Reply to the greeting with: Wa alaykum-us-salam (and peace be upon you too)
    • When intending to do something, say: In shaa Allah (if Allah Wills)
    • When something is being praised, say: Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah)
    • When expressing appreciation, say: Maa shaa Allah (whatever Allah Wishes)
    • When thanking someone, say: Jazakallah (may Allah reward you)
    • When awakening from sleep, say: Laa ilaha Illallah (None is to be worshipped but Allah)
    • When repenting from a sin, say: Astaghfirullah (I beg forgiveness from Allah)
    • When giving in charity, say: Fi Sabilillah (in the Way of Allah)
    • When a death message is received, say: Inna Lillahi wa inna Ilayhi rajiun (indeed, we are for Allah and indeed to Him we shall return)
    • When having love for someone, say: Li Hubbillah (for the love of Allah)
    • When getting married, say: Amantu Billah (I believe in Allah)
    • When parting from someone, say: Fi Amanillah (may you be in the protection of Allah)
    • When a problem appears, say: Tawakkaltu ‘Alallah (my complete trust is in Allah)
    • When in pain or distress, say: Yaa Allah (O Allah)
    • When pleasantness appears, say: Fa Tabarakallah (so, blessed is Allah)
    • When unpleasantness occurs, say: Naudhu Billah (we seek refuge in Allah)
    • When you sneeze, say: Al-Hamdu Lillah (All Praise is for Allah)
    • When someone sneezes, say: Yarhamukallah (may Allah have mercy on you)
    • When participating in prayer, say Amin (O Allah! Answer our prayers). 
  • We should follow the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) because they teach us how to obey Allah, how to lead a good life and be good Muslims.
  • We should follow both the Qur’an and the Hadith Sharif of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam).